Architecture of the Future
With the number of people crossing the line of 7 billion and population curves rising at an ever-steeper angle, the whole logical question arises – where will we live in the future? Well, not after 10 years, but, for example, after another 100 years? Plans to move to the Moon do not seem realistic yet as it is gray, cold, you would have to bring not only energy sources, but also water. However, an eco-friendly house or life underwater seems more and more realistic. Scientists present their visions.
Grow Your House
The roots of the trees provide shelter that is earthquake resistant. Such is the vision for the future of sustainable, ecological development, which is already being implemented by Tel Aviv University researchers Yav Waisel and Amram Eshel. The idea of turning trees into useful objects, otherwise known as arborsculpture or tree formation, is not new. Now, scientists have used this idea to set up a company that will distribute live buildings around the world. The first buildings are already standing in the USA, Australia, and Israel, where live park benches, playground structures, street lighting poles and gates are being tested.
Scientists have applied the well-known botanical phenomenon of plant roots growing above the ground, so instead of using tree branches, they began to form their roots. The idea of root structures was first tested in Sarah Racine’s root research laboratory at Tel Aviv University. It is the largest laboratory in the world of aeroponics, where plants are grown not in the soil, but by irrigating the roots with a special solution. It was founded 20 years ago by professor Yav Waisel and the laboratory still carries out environmentally friendly projects.
Trees grown under aeroponic conditions do not become woody. In this way, various structures were created from soft roots. It might be that in the future it will be possible to build an entire residential house using only environmentally friendly technologies.
Housing of the Future – Underwater Bubbles
One British designer has taken the underwater settlement quite seriously and is teaching how it will be comfortable for future residents. Phil Pauley, who designed the massive structure called Sub-Biosphere 2, says such an underwater and energetically independent city would be suitable for aquanauts, tourism, ocean fauna scientists and the longevity of humans, animals, and plants.
This project consists of 8 biomasses (peculiar formations in which both flora and fauna exist), all of which together extend the length of the structure to 340 meters. The center of the building rises about 120 meters above water level. The central and system-wide biomass supplies other living biomasses (glass spheres) with fresh air, electricity, water, food and protects them from atmospheric pressure fluctuations. Each biomass would be divided into 20 floors, 10 of which would have emerged above the water and 10 would lie underwater. Such a structure could accommodate up to100 people at a time, it would also grow food, and there would be no need to connect a water source from the outside. In other words, the structure should function without any outside help.